Brazilian Jiu Jitsu Techniques: Basic Submissions & Takedowns You Should Know

(Last Updated On: July 6, 2019)

If you are looking to start learning Brazilian Jiu Jitsu or if you are already familiar with the sport, you should know that this fighting discipline is constantly evolving.

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There are thousands of techniques to train and learn and every now and then, a new one appears. You might ask yourself “how do I keep up with all those advances in Brazilian Jiu Jitsu?”

Well, the foundation and the basics are the most important things you need to master in order to become a competent fighter. Today we will talk about some of the techniques in BJJ and how to master them in order to become a real fighter so sit tight.

Origins of Brazilian Jiu Jitsu

Brazilian Jiu Jitsu is a variation of Brazilian Jujitsu. It was created by Helio Gracie, and his son Royce introduced this technique in the United States during the first 5 UFC.

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Gracie showed the world the effectiveness of this fighting technique by demonstrating the destructive power during the ground fighting. Take a look at any street fight video online, and you will notice that almost every fight eventually finishes on the ground.

If your ultimate motive is self-defense, then it might be perfect for you since it focuses on the grappling, throwing and controlling your opponent while on the ground. Let’s talk about techniques for a moment, starting with…

Hip Escape With Guard Replacement

Why is it important?

This side control escape technique is essential, and you will use it more frequently than any other similar escape technique.

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How to do it?

This technique teaches you the two vital hip movements for getting out of the bottom in BJJ. Those hip movements are called hip escape and bridging.

You need to learn how to quickly replace your guard when your opponent gets past it. If you master this technique for a side control escape, then you will learn even more about the guard retention.

Where can you go wrong?

Use your arms to create “frames” instead of trying to bench press the entire weight of your opponent.

Scissor Sweep

Why is it important?

This sweep technique is the foundation of every other guard sweep technique.

It will show you all elements of said techniques such as preventing your opponent from posting a hand with controlling grips, creating an angle by moving your hips, throwing your opponent off balance and utilizing the power of your legs and not your upper body.

When to use it?

This technique is best combined with other guard techniques such as cross collar and the triangle choke.

Where can you go wrong?

It is important to perform a strong, sharp, and sudden pull to throw your opponent off balance before you try to scissor his legs.

Triangle Choke From Guard

Why is it important?

This is a signature submission in BJJ. This beginner technique choke works for beginners as well as the professionals at the highest levels of mixed martial arts competitions.

How to use it?

This hold teaches you the proper way to utilize your legs when attacking and choking your opponent. This move becomes a primary weapon if your opponent is bigger than you or if he has more experience in wrestling.

Where can you go wrong?

If your opponent has a strong posture, it is not advisable to try this hold.

Straight Armlock From Mount

Why is it important?

If you find yourself in the dominant mount position, this submission hold could finish your opponent. Ronda Rousey was a big fan of this submission hold.

When to use it?

As previously said, this submission hold is “lethal” when you are in the dominant mount position. It works in both no-gi and gi.

Where can you go wrong?

It is vital to place your leg over the head of your opponent before you fall back. Keeping your leg over opponents head will prevent him to sit up and assume dominant mount position.

Hip Bump Sweep

Why is it important?

This is one of the fundamental sweeps that work well for beginners and at the highest levels of MMA. It goes great with kimura and guillotine, opens up various options when you have a hard time breaking your opponent’s guard and posture, and it comes from your hips which are much stronger than your arms.

Where can you go wrong?

If you don’t control your opponent’s arm, they will easily break free from your hold.

Straight Armbar From Guard

Why is it important?

Straight Armbar from the ground is what separates the BJJ from other grappling fighting styles. If you wish to pose a threat even when your back is on the ground, you need to master the armbar from the guard, especially in MMA.

Where can you go wrong?

If you don’t move your hips and instead you try to armlock your opponent while your bodies are aligned, your opponent will just shake it off.

If you are in the bottom position, it is essential to move your hips. These are just a couple of fundamental Brazilian Jiu Jitsu techniques which every fighter should know and master.

You need to be extremely careful when practicing these moves with your partner because one wrong move is enough to fracture a bone. When used correctly, BJJ is the ultimate self-defense technique and a lethal weapon inside a ring so remember to use it wisely!


Brazilian Jiu Jitsu fighting techniques are going to be extremely helpful during your ground defense training and can save you from loosing a fight when faced with a possible submission by your opponent.

Every professional MMA fighter spends a lot of time practising these skills so becoming extremely good on the ground will only better your chances of ultimate victory against any opponent.

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